FAMILY: Labiatae (Lamiaceae)
HABIT: Herbaceous perennial, 2-7 dm.; flowering
SPECIES: The genus Scutellaria
is very distinctive and is easily identified by its protuberance on the upper
lip of the corolla. This species is
very similar to Scutellaria incana.
However, S. incana has a pubescent stem and S. serrata has
a glabrous stem. S. serrata is
also very similar to S. elliptica.
S. elliptica has rhombic-ovate leaves that are smaller than the
ovate leaves of S. serrata.
RANGE: Se. NY and w. NJ to WV and se.
OH, s. to NC and TN.
RANGE: Limited to the unglaciated
Allegheny Plateau in southeastern Ohio.
There are post-1965 records from Athens, Gallia, Hocking, and Vinton counties. There are pre-1950 records from Jackson and
STATUS: 1980 to present: Potentially
HABITAT: Rich mesophytic woods, in both deep shade
HAZARDS: Exposure to sunlight after logging.
POTENTIAL: Apparently good. This species is often present in areas that
have been periodically logged.
GUIDELINES: Collect complete, mature
COMMENTS: There are very likely more records of this
plant in southeastern Ohio. Recent
fieldwork has turned up many new localities.
J.L. 1976. A revision of the annulate Scutellaria (Labiatae). Unpub. Ph.D. Diss. Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, Tenn. 294 p.
T.S. 1995. The Dicotyledoneae of Ohio. Part 2. Linaceae through Campanulaceae.
Ohio State Univ. Press, Columbus, OH. 656 pp.
C. 1942. The American species of Scutellaria. Univ. of Calif. Publ. in Bot. 20: 1-146.
E.C. 1927. The North American species of Scutellaria. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 22: 703-748.
R.F. 1965. The Labiatae of Ohio.
M.A. Thesis, Kent State Univ., Kent, Ohio. 168 p.
Division of Natural Areas and Preserves
Ohio Department of Natural Resources
Created: 3/1981 David Spooner