STIPA SPARTEA Trin.
FAMILY: Gramineae (Poaceae)
HABIT: Herbaceous, sparingly caespitose perennial, 5-12 dm.;
flowering May, June.
SIMILAR SPECIES: The genus Stipa is distinctive. Two species
occur in Ohio, both rare. Identification is based upon technical characters.
TOTAL RANGE: Ont. to B.C., s. to w. PA, n. OH, n.
IN, MO, e. KS, and NM.
STATE RANGE: There are post-1960 records from Fulton, Lucas,
and Wood counties. There are pre-1960 records from Erie County.
STATE STATUS: 1980-1983: Endangered, 1984 to present:
HABITAT: In full sun, often in sand; prairies, dunes, oak
woods. In Ohio, currently known only from beach ridges of postglacial lakes.
HAZARDS: When young, this is a palatable grass subject to
grazing. Also, overshading by woody species as a result of succession.
RECOVERY POTENTIAL: Unknown, but presumed good, as it is
tolerant of moderate disturbance.
INVENTORY GUIDELINES: Mature flowering material is needed
for identification. Collect the
underground parts and note density of basal tufts.
COMMENTS: This grass should be sought in appropriate
habitats in northwestern Ohio. It is quite conspicuous and not likely to be
1967. The Monocotyledoneae [of Ohio]: Cat-tails to orchids. The Ohio State
Univ. Press, Columbus OH. 464 pp.
Dore, W.G. and J. McNeill. 1980. Grasses of Ontario. Agric.
Canada Monograph 26. 556 p.
Hitchcock, A.S. 1925. The North American species of Stipa.
Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 24: 215-262.
Hitchcock, A.S. 1951. Manual of grasses of the
United States. Ed. 2, rev. by A. Chase, U.S. Dep. Agr. Misc. Publ. 200. 1051 p.
Ohio Department of Natural Resources
Division of Natural Areas and Preserves
Created: 2/1984 David Spooner
Database Code: SPGH.G67