• Type: Puddle Duck
>• Incubation: 24-27 days
• Clutch Size: 7-13 eggs
• Young Fledge: 48-56 days after hatching
• Typical Foods: plant matter and aquatic invertebrates
• Ohio Status: Species of Special Interest
The gadwall's speculum is white with iridescent black bar. There is also a rusty splotch in secondary coverts. The feet and legs are yellow-orange.
Habitat and Habits
This duck is one of the earliest migrants, seldom facing cold weather. It travels in small, compact flocks that fly swiftly, usually in a direct line. Their wingbeats are very rapid. Gadwalls are most often seen in marshes, but can also inhabit ponds, lakes, and rivers. The drakes whistle and kack-kack; the hens quack like a mallard, only softer.
Reproduction and Care of the Young
Nests are scrapes in the ground lined with grass, leaves, and down feathers. The young are born precocial and they obtain their own food as they are led around by the mother. After 10 weeks, the young are on their own.